An introduction to the steps in the criminal justice process

Often, new investigators, or those uninitiated to the objective mindset, will focus on a favorite theory of events or a favorite suspect, and rush to be first to reach the conclusion and to make the arrest. Others still have discontinued the practice entirely, believing the use of execution to be excessively cruel.

Rules Sources of rules in criminal justice include the U. Before the trial, the defendant appears in court and enters a plea.

Criminal process steps

To this end, we have illustrated some of the common negative thinking processes that investigators must avoid, and we have looked at the traits and values that need to be pursued to become a criminal investigator. The term is most commonly associated with police departments of a state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility. This loading process required the shooter to be in possession of dry gunpowder, wadding paper, and musket balls to reload and make the weapon ready to fire. Steps in the criminal justice process The major steps in processing a criminal case are as follows: Investigation of a crime by the police. However, as happens with any human behavior, it can negatively influence the outcome of investigations. Decisions are based on discretion, that is, the individual exercise of judgment to make choices about alternative courses of action. Normally, victims do not have to attend Court when the accused enters a plea, or when they are sentenced, but you may if you wish. Will the community be protected? However, the modern-day investigator must strive to be a forensic resource generalist with an understanding of the tools available and must be specialist in the deployment of those tools to build the forensic case.

In the past, police officers generally took their primary roles as first responders and keepers of the peace. A stop on the street requires fewer facts than an arrest; an arrest requires fewer facts than an indictment; an indictment requires fewer facts than a criminal conviction.

15 steps criminal justice process

They must have the ability to apply deductive, inductive, and quantitative reasoning to examine evidence and form reasonable grounds to identify and arrest suspects.

Moreover, a good investigator needs to take responsibility and be accountable for the outcomes of the investigation; however, taken to the extreme, this can lead to an investigator taking complete ownership of the investigation to the exclusion of allowing the ideas of others to provide guidance and influence.

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The Process of Criminal Justice