North Korea, some sub-Saharan African states, and Russia before and shortly after the fall of the Soviet empire have such institutions. When the Americans gained control of the Philippines, they retained the centralized form of government but added a few departments and, more importantly, introduced the principle that public office is a public trust, making civil servants accountable to the people they serve.
We can start with the centralization versus decentralization.
Strength and weaknesses of philippine bureaucracy
This is what happened to the Jalosjos political dynasty that is traditionally based in Zamboange del Norte but expanded to the rest of the Zamboanga Peninsula, including Zamboanga de Sibugay as well as Misamis Occidental. Genato, Serrano, Cecilia Accountability and the system of checks and balances are imperatives for good governance. Meanwhile, in the House of Representatives, the Makabayan coalition also came up with their own version. A cursory look at the names of Philippine political leaders and administrators during and after the American period reveals that the same families that control business and politics are very much around, although some of their kin opted out of politics in favor of concentrating in business. Cumbersome and complicated procedures when transacting with government agencies have stymied not only investors from doing business in the country. For a starter, bureaucracy is understood as a specific form of social organization for administrative purpose and for dealing with the activities of a large number of people in a way similar to the family De Guzman, p. That statement was made from a position of comfort because the realities on the ground so far remain to be perfect haven for dynastic expansion and mini oligarchy. But that would be another point. The discourse on political dynasties cannot but confront the very basic social unit or structure where all the extended discussions emanate—the Filipino family. Hence, from until , the constitutional prohibition of political dynasties remains unenforceable. Inadequate coordination between and among agencies in government cost both lives and resources. Colonial Period The Spanish colonial times gave rise to the principalia, an emerging class that embodied the new form of local elite. Bringing around the issue to the grassroots is a worthy yet expensive undertaking. Self-Perpetuation, Self-Persistence, Undue Advantage and the Rise of Low-Quality Politician The logic of persistence of political dynasties lies in the very structure of our political system that is still very much rested on a client-patron arrangement against which cosmetic reforms failed to even scratch its surface, so to speak.
And for the first time in 27 years, an anti-dynasty bill reached the House plenary in Equally important, too, is the political leadership that can provide a sense of mission and direction so that all government planning are directed and dedicated towards its accomplishment. The inadequacy of the communication system in the bureaucracy maybe understood on two levels: on the level of human skills and on the level of hardware or technology, or the absence of either one or both.
Even in the barangays! As a result, the government of the first Aquino administration presided over the difficult period of transition and redemocratization, and shepherded the passage of the new Constitution and the Local Government Code to guide the massive rebuilding and reorganization.
With the growth and expansion of government came the large-scale spoils system that characterized succeeding administrations.
How functional is the philippine bureaucracy
The history has written that such organization has been invented in the times of the Egyptian dominant. The Philippine Commission was then established and among its first acts was the passage of Act No. Asian Review of Public Administration 25 1 , pp. Acemoglu, D. The discourse on political dynasties cannot but confront the very basic social unit or structure where all the extended discussions emanate—the Filipino family. Unfortunately, the task of defining political dynasties as provided for in the Constitution is essentially left to Congress, which is a lair of political dynasties. There were several cases that can be discussed but among the famous ones is that of the Villafuertes in Camarines Sur. For academic and research interest purposes, it is worthy to pursue studies looking into the history of policy prescriptions of those perceived to belong to a political dynasty in terms of policy impact on public interest as well as their own. The Congress is therefore a wrong place and a wrong choice for legislating a defining of political dynasties. Yet, it is now in the Plenary.
To accept the perception that the inefficiency of the bureaucracy is the main culprit in the failure of government is to grant the dichotomization of the orientation of governance and the administration of its affairs.
And by the time the first Congress post-Edsa opened, the once sidelined political dynasties found themselves reunited in the halls of Congress and in provincial capitols nationwide.
Participatory governance, in its various forms and expressions, has improved delivery of basic social services especially to areas where government has very limited presence. Arnulfo Fuentebella, Luis Villafuerte Sr. Anecdotally, some political dynasties in Mindanao behave like monarchs in a democratic, republican country.
based on 51 review