Literature and the Arts. Also, before the invention of the printing press in the 15th century, even books were works of art. Pippin's takeover was reinforced with propaganda that portrayed the Merovingians as inept or cruel rulers, exalted the accomplishments of Charles Martel, and circulated stories of the family's great piety.
Medieval Farming and the Farming Year Medieval farming could be summarized as endless work. The Black Death, preceded by famine and overpopulation, wiped out at least a third of Europe and marked the end of the prosperity that had characterized the high medieval era.
Baskets were often woven out of willow. Most of the people were peasants settled on small farms. Throughout European history, however, there has never been a complete breach with medieval institutions or modes of thought. Two great kingdoms, Germany and Italybegan to lose their political unity almost as soon as they had acquired it; they had to wait until the 19th century before they found it again.
It was also necessary to salt or smoke some of the meat to make sure that it lasted through the winter.
Most European monasteries were of the type that focuses on community experience of the spiritual life, called cenobitismwhich was pioneered by Pachomius d.